[by Paolo Mendez]
More than 63 million Filipinos are qualified to cast their votes in the 2022 presidential election. It is the toughest and most challenging seat for the Philippine Republic.
The new President is set to face the challenges of the backlash of the global pandemic that crippled economies; improving the healthcare system; creating sustainable job opportunities; education and ending endless poverty, among others.
To whom will you entrust the Philippines for the next six-year?
FROM VICE PRESIDENT TO PRESIDENT
Some of the most talked-about candidates were Vice President Leni Robredo, the tightest rival of Bongbong Marcos, son of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos, in the 2016 Vice Presidential bid.
Six years later, they will face off anew for the presidential seat.
After former President Benigno Aquino III stepped down, Robredo was the lone standard-bearer and current chairperson of the then-ruling Liberal Party. However, upon her filing of a Certificate of Candidacy (COC), Robredo ran as an independent, carrying “Pink” as her political color.
On the other hand, Marcos Jr. joined forces with the Presidential Daughter, Inday Sara Duterte-Carpio, who filed her certificate of candidacy for a second term as Davao City Mayor despite public pressure to run for President. Two days before the deadline for substitution, Duterte-Carpio substituted for Lyle Fernando Uy in the Vice-Presidential race, while his brother Paolo Duterte replaced her in the Davao City Mayoral race.
In 2016, Marcos Jr. filed an electoral protest before the Presidential Electoral Tribunal (PET) versus Robredo for his claim of an altered result.
However, on February 16, 2021, the Supreme Court of the Philippines, through its Public Information Office, released an updated press briefer stating, “With regard to PET Case No. 005 (Ferdinand “BongBong” R. Marcos, Jr., protestant vs. Maria Leonor “Leni Daang Matuwid” G. Robredo, protestee), the 15 members of the Presidential Electoral Tribunal unanimously dismissed the entire electoral protest.”
As of Oct. 8, there were 97 aspirants who had filed their COC before the Comelec for the Presidency. Some of the most talked-about aspirants are; Manila Mayor Isko Moreno, Labor Group Leader Leodegario “ka Leody” De Guzman, Senator Ping Lacson, Senator Manny Pacquiao, and Former National Task Force to End Local Communist Armed Conflict (NTF-ELCAC) Spokesperson, Antonio Parlade Jr., who filed their candidacy for a presidential bid, among others.
See the list of tentative list of candidates here: https://comelec.gov.ph/php-tpls-attachments/2022NLE/TentativeListsofCandidates/NATIONAL.pdf
In time to the celebration of Bonifacio Day, Special Assistant to the President and the administration bet, Senator Bong Go, who withdrew from the Vice Presidency to run for President, announces again his withdrawal for Presidential race.
WHO ARE QUALIFIED TO RUN?
According to Article VII of the 1987 Philippine Constitution, the qualified Presidential Candidate must be:
- Natural Born Filipino
- Registered Voter
- Able to read and write
- At least 40 years old on the day of the election
- Resident of the Philippines for at least 10 years
The elected President shall assume office at noon of June 30 for 6 years and not entitled to re-election and must not succeeded as president and/or held office for 4 years.
Thus, after the election the congress has now the eye for transparency and authentication, as written in section 4 of the same article, it quotes:
“The returns of every election for President and Vice-president, duly certified by the board of canvassers of each province or city, shall be transmitted to the congress, directed to the President of the Senate. Upon receipt of the certificates of canvass, the President of the Senate shall, not later than 30 days after the day of the election, open all the certificated in the presence of the Senate and the house of Representatives in joint public session, and the Congress, upon determination of the authenticity and due execution thereof in the manner provide by law, canvass the votes.”
WHAT ARE THE POWERS GIVEN BY THE LAW?
The powers of the President are outlined in the Executive Order 292 or known as the Administrative Code of 1987.
- Power of Control.
- The President shall the power to control over executive departments, bureaus and offices.
- Ordinance Power.
- The President shall have the power to give ordinance including Executive Orders, Administrative Orders, Proclamations, Memorandum Orders, Memorandum Circular and General or Special Orders.
- Power over Aliens
- The President shall have the power over deportation, changes of status from non-immigrant status to permanent resident without the necessity of visa and exercise power under the general principles of international law.
- The President also has power to countermand Immigration Bureau Commissioners over deportation cases.
- Power of Eminent Domain, Escheat, Land Reservation and Recovery of Ill-Gotten Wealth
- The state has the power over land for public use with a proper compensation and institute escheat or reversion proceedings over lands assigned to persons disqualified under the constitution to acquire land.
- The President shall have the power for the public use of any lands of the public domain for public use.
- The President can also direct solicitor general to institute proceedings over the recovery of ill-gotten wealth acquired by government officials and/or transferees unlawfully acquired.
- Power of Appointment
- The President shall have the power to appoint and designate government officials.
- General Supervision over local governments
- Other Powers
- This includes the Presidential power given by the constitution and by law.